The Stars, Yoga Sutras and the Initiated
copyright  © 2002  -

The Pleiades, 'The Seven Sisters', was in Antiquity perceived as being associated with
blessing, and was hailed by the great writers - including Moses, who in all tradition had
the authorship of the biblical "Book of Job" in which these stars also are highlighted. 


There is interesting information about the stars and their cosmic-spatial positional arrangement to be found in Patañjali's Yoga Sutras, III book, sutras 25-31. The contents of these sutras were also seen in relation to the body as a micro-cosmic build structure - in particular with the heart associated with the Sun and the cosmic space.

          The highlighted paragraphs of Patañjali's Yoga Sutras mention a particular focus on the Polar star (current North Star) and a reference to the Turtle star, in India called Kurma. This is heaven’s number three most bright stars, known as Vega in the constellation Lyra. The turtle was, as one of the top centres in the sky, known in Egypt, India and China - and among the Greeks. Vega, the Turtle star Kurma is, and was, the real North star as the top pole of the World-axis.

           Ideas about the body reflecting the cosmos, a mini-universe, was widespread particularly among cultic initiated and in therapeutic schools all over in Antiquity. In the system e.g. the backbone can be seen as an individual mini-copy of the World-axis (and in which the turtle centre, the thyroid gland, is located high up, 'like Vega').

Patañjali's Yoga Sutras, III book, sutras 25-31

By intensive meditation (samyama) on the brilliant light the one who is practising  this yoga achieves knowledge of the subtle, hidden or the distance.

The classic commentary texts deepening the meaning of this sutra 25 reads:

The bright light is of the heart and is attached to the central organ ('the mind'). 

By intensive meditation (samyama) at the Sun the one who is practicing this yoga achieves knowledge of the cosmic space.

The classic commentary texts deepening the meaning of this sutra 25 reads:

Of these cosmic spaces (bhuvana) there are seven: bhu-local (Earthen-world), antariksa (interstellar space), mahendra, mahar prâjâta, jana, tapas, and satya. The last five are the fivefold celestial world (svar-loca), and of these the last three are Brahma worlds. Hoovering in series there are six regions of the large hell (mahâ-naraka). Hereafter seven lower worlds in addition to which the Earth comes as the number eight. The discarnated ('temporary non-incarnated') are not in these worlds but in a state of (temporary) release or 'isolation' - an apparent presence. 

By intensive meditation (samyama) on the Moon the one who is practising this yoga achieve knowledge of the stellar placements.


By intensive meditation (samyama) on the Moon the one who is practising this yoga achieve knowledge of the celestial bodies’ movements.


By intensive meditation (samyama) on the navel centre the one who is practising this yoga achieve knowledge of body’s composition.

By intensive meditation (samyama) in the throat the one who is practising this yoga obtains stopping hunger and thirst.

By intensive meditation (samyama) on kurma-nadi the one who is practising this yoga obtains being motionless.

The classic commentary texts deepening the meaning of this sutra 31 reads:

Kurma-nadi (turtle-'nerve' - gland) on location in the chest under the throat. A 'mental nerve' which is considered to be active in the animals (the bear, for example) hibernating and wintering in a motionless state.

The Horsehead-nebula – in the constellation Orion.

On Patañjali's Yoga Sutras

The work, the 'Yoga Sutras', is structured into 4 sections or books with a total of 195 lessons. It is connected to a knowledge base of ancient India, the special Vedanta-doctrins in the works of the Upanishads. The 'Yoga Sutras', written down in Sanskrit 2,300 years ago by the seer Patañjali, is considered to be all yoga’s foundation.

           Yoga has in recent times in the West mostly been known as a practice of producing self-control, mind-balance, and physical-bodily harmony. From its origins in ancient India’s world of ideas yoga is conceived as a non-theoretical philosophy.

           Yoga philosophy is seen as a system that can be used via intelligent way to accelerate a person's development towards a spiritual level for a liberation - a doctrine on which, inter alia, Buddhism also based its methods. The system has been used through many thousands of years and, along, been completed in its present form, a few hundred years before Christian era.

The Samkhya-yoga philosophy cosmology

In India's oldest religious texts, the Vedas recorded more than 3,000 years ago, tracks appear leading to integrate in the later known yoga. The later Vedanta-writings’ branches, the Upanishads, opening still more for the philosophy and, hereafter, for a systematic cosmology, Sâmkhya. The yoga uses Sâmkhya-philosophy’s cosmology, established by the sage Kapila ca. 3,000 years ago, while yoga was established in its final system by Pantañjali for about 2,300 years ago.

          Pantañjali's Yoga Sutras recognized for their inestimable value as a marked off map of the mind’s 'terra incognita'. This is because in them there are gathered and systematized all practical principles, which mentioned to provide in reality methods for the most of the hitherto forms of self-realization having spiritual development in the liberation as a goal.

           Yoga is not a religion, does not missionizing, and contains no moral prejudices, but is a universal ideology on the basis of Sâmkhya's system. Albert Schweitzer, in particular as a doctor of philosophy and theology, acknowledged the system's impressive greatness: "...a magnificent achievement. Seldom in human thinking is a theoretical problem recognized so clearly - and resolved with so much subtlety ...".


Certain geometric perceived lines between the stars
was considered to lead to or to form a spiritual 'star-gate'.


Spiritual celestial journey

As being shown the yoga philosophy describes an extensive area of which just one of these is referred to in the above-quoted 'star'-texts. Previously the sutras in question are not seen identified separately for their specific cosmos related themes although they were in fact extremely important elements of the old world cultures.

           Thus the ideas about a spiritual structure of the cosmos were widespread in the ancient societies. In addition to concepts on the World-axis there was a learning about a whole network of these special celestial connecting routes, star-related axes and interstellar geometric lines of sight of special importance.

I et sådant åndeligt-kosmisk 'pattern'-system ansås disse linjer at være som en særlig art af lyskræfter - synlige såvel som usynlige lyspotenserede forbindelsestråde. De kunne måske med moderne sprog betegnes som uendelige, kæmpemæssige lyssuperstrenge (jf. desuden OvS’ artiklel om "Pattern": - ). Dette angår også forhold i forbindelse med f.eks. Nordstjernen - som antydet ovenfor bl.a. i Yoga Sutras III,28.

          In such a spiritual-cosmic 'pattern' system these lines were considered to be like a particular kind of the light’s powers - visible and invisible light potentiated connecting wires. They could, perhaps with modern languages be described as infinite, huge light superstrings (see also Ove von Spaeth’s 'article on " Pattern, Universe and Ancient Knowledge": - This also concerns circumstances in connection with e.g. the North star - as suggested above such as in the Yoga Sutras III, 28.

           In another context (in Ove von Spaeth’s book, "The Secret Religion" on the historical Moses) there is described a part of this still somewhat unknown system The author has succeed to decode specific references in this celestial system embedded in the New Testament’s book "The Acts", the text of St Paul's third journey. Others have found similar traces in Homer's Iliad and the Odyssey. All in the context of spiritual parallel-journeys in the sky.

Ove von Spaeth

Independent researcher on history - Copyright © 2002  -

Parts of the text are from Ove von Spaeth’s book “The Secret Religion”,
which is vol. 4 of his book-series "Assassinating Moses". For the present in Danish only.
C.A. Reitzel  Bookseller and Publisher, Ltd., Norregade 20, DK-1165 Copenhagen K, Denmark,
Phone +45 3312 2400 - Fax +45 3314 0270 - or order by e-mail:

Ove von Spaeth have published the treatise - in “Centaurus”, 42, 2000 - which,
 for the first time, scientificly determinates the date of the oldest Egyptian star map,
Further information:



Copyright © 2002 by: Ove von Spaeth - - All rights reserved.