Tracing the Moses Heritage From Egypt


Copyright © 2002

New discoveries with interesting findings about the enigma of Moses are re-establishing important historical coherence. All being presented in the book-series “Assassinating Moses”. In these books a unique material is vitalising the both fantastic and dramatic background for Moses in Egypt. Moses belongs to the most well-informed and spiritual personalities of our early history.

          The vast amount of new, exciting information about the fate and mystery of Moses were found after thorough investigations lasting many years. The great uncovering was executed by tracking down the many, often repressed sources and relate them to the recent conquests of research.

          Since the publication of the first of the five volumes of the series, many inquiries have been received as to the creation of the books and the procedures used by the writer. The present article will inform about relevant features of a sequence of events lasting several years, with special detours and important milestones - a personal introduction to the writer's reasons for being occupied with the subject, and about the objective of the unusual project.


The Eternal Question

The fact that Cosmos, the huge space with stars and planets and the sun, our eternal vigorous source, is of so decisive importance for each of us as individuals, irrespective of our different ways of living, - is being valid also if we live in places where the sky can rarely be seen, and even whether we are conscious at all of the existence of these circumstances. These celestial conditions have become so natural to us that they are often receding into the background now for the benefit of things of more relevance usually occupying most of us.

Much from all this I realised at a rather early stage, but the space with its oceans of stars remained more often in my consciousness than the daily events of the neighbourhood. I started to read about other peoples’ understanding of these conditions through times and also about our historical relations to astronomy and the influence of this on our religions and the ways of thinking. In other words, the mystery of existence in a cosmic perspective relating to our ways of beliefs in western religions - would it be possible to combine these elements at all?

“Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself” - the biblical Commandment so well known, is by many people related to the learning of Jesus. But Jesus was quoting Moses! (from Leviticus 19;18). This very commandment has been considerably influential through times. So, who was this Moses, who lived almost 1,500 years prior to Jesus? - Moses was the earliest known historical person, who initiated a religion. A religion which became a deep inspiration to the three main religions, i.e. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. And simultaneously a religion which for posterity based itself in its own special book, the Bible, the world’s most wide-spread and read book, the oldest parts of which especially Moses has written, according to the tradition.

In several parts of the Bible can be found a number of serene rules of conduct and ethical claims, but also - according to modern times concepts - robust and cruel features. How can this be compatible - did the same person write both parts?

And almost 3,500 years after the works of Moses - how could it be meaningful at the present that some groups are trying to live according to the most severe, literal “understanding” of these texts? Especially when such disputed ways of understanding also can be experienced so destructively used in connection with huge, political and ethnic-religious problems of our era?

Since then and along the way - could something have happened to the texts late after they were created? Many questions like these had been “aroused” in me, when I, independently, started a number of special studies.

The World’s Oldest Star Map


Through my early founded interest on history and astronomy - 20 years before my first book on Moses was published - I got acquainted with the world’s oldest star map. It is a beautifully made, ancient Egyptian survey of the sky designed in a special form, much different from our way of doing these things. The map was made by that time’s most gifted person, Senmut (or Senenmut), minister-in-office of Queen Hatshepsut. After having studied, independently, several subject lines like history, religion-traditions, astronomy, old star lore, the myths of Antiquity, etc, I gradually realised, that this star map dates from the epoch specific of Moses. The map proved to describe a certain constellation in the sky in 1534 BC.

The relation was supported, furthermore, by indications from the historians of Antiquity concerning the chronology connecting to Moses. However, by closer investigating the historical events of Moses, I soon discovered that within existing research there is a lot of internal confusion about this important figure.

Without having been first introduced to theological hypotheses about Moses - capable of drawing investigations in a certain direction - I tried from the very beginning to maintain a broad view all around. But also without an idea about the extensiveness of the subject, I worked methodically uncovering everything relevant, i.e. often rare material about Moses and chronology. This was to last for many years.

It was during these investigations that the star map was dated. In July-August 2000 the result was published as a scientific treatise in the “Centaurus International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Astronomy” (Vol. 42). Prior to this I was fortunate enough to have my discoveries about the historic Moses accepted by C.A. Reitzel Publishers, Copenhagen, a tradition-ridden publishing house, and was also comfortable with the fact that this was the original publishers of Soeren Kierkegaard and H.C. Andersen.

The huge material turned into becoming the book-series, “Assassinating Moses”; and in its second volume a Danish edition of star map treatise was included. Also, I had the pleasure of being a referee/reviewer with the “Isis Journal of the History of Science”, the world’s oldest and biggest international science-history magazine.

During these long-lasting studies, also the enormous Moses bibliography was established (reproduced in the books). And it was encouraging, too, that for instance the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem had started to buy this series of books (in Danish to begin with, translation is on its way).


Bound To the Mysterious Traces of Moses

Without realising it from the beginning I had started a completely new project only by originally wanting to write a by-line to a picture of the star map. All of a sudden the text took up one whole page. And very soon also a complete article. Based on many years of intensive work with the relevant historic and spiritual subjects, it proved that actually I knew a lot, which I had not realised at that time. This knowledge and connection were within me, but at a kind of stage like the toy of a transparent glass ball with shakeable snowfall. Where was I to start and to end?

The fortunate decoding of a certain date of the star map proved to be the very first exact dating of this map. When this also appeared to be a tool in determining the time of Moses, all the pieces found their right place. The positive consequence of this was that here - exactly on the right track - the material itself could easily show the way. Now the text became a complete book. And quickly two books. Soon also three. Extending gradually even to five books - at one point, even six - so I disciplined myself very much to getting this truly incredible and lively material into a more limited scale - preferably without loosing anything. The entire work took almost twenty years, besides some years of preliminary studies which were then crystallizing.

One fine day I discovered that in reality I was on a mission. Like in the old days when captains were sent out on dangerous and strange expeditions with sealed orders to be disclosed at the open sea only, i.e. after a long time without landfall, and being unable to reach land for instance by fleeting using a row boat. No escape possibilities. The way out is the way through - and here - to bring back the existence of Moses into the consciousness of history.

A lot of essential conditions which became of importance in our culture even today, stem from Moses and his time. To incorporate numerous pieces of the wide-spread material of sources appeared to be an incredibly hard and lengthy work. By being so immensely fascinated, I could not let it go. And despite of all the external resistance and problems and deep personal privations, I discovered it to be inescapable; I was simply bound to do this, no matter what.

Working with this huge writing the strangest things happened - several peculiar inconveniences got in the way together with strange and positive events. For instance - often “in the last minute” - I had inestimable help from experts in Egyptology, Hebrew, Ancient Greek, etc. This was often only shortly prior to the passing away of several of these personalities after long lives of research and experience. Also in the fortunate period prior to the rebuilding of the Royal Danish Library, I was able to use its old and immensely abundant reference library, a most paradisiacal reading room which, furthermore, for a long time was in reality the only open inter-disciplinary forum (now expired) in Denmark.

There - and also by means of foreign libraries - for some years, I borrowed and copied more than a thousand very important books, besides articles and documents, exactly those I should use, until the introduction of taxes or fees - all straining for independent researchers - on foreign book lending and copies. And later even normal help from specialist librarians closed down together with other specialist library services (thus for instance hampering source-searching concerning old works not registered electronically) - in reality it would have made it nearly impossible to continue the unusual extent of research which was being conditioned by the creation of the book-series on Moses.

Facing the Wide-Spread Wrong Dating

How do we know that Moses is not a myth figure, and if the Exodus, when Moses and the Israelites left Egypt, did at all take place? Continuously - and from the very beginning of the work - such questions are being asked about the main subjects. Often this wondering proves to be influenced by the spread of several theological (and other) schools’ doubts as to the existence of Moses as a historical person.

The theological hypotheses concerned seem to stem from for instance the fact, that the research on Moses has often been done on the basis of a wrong dating placing him approx. 250 years too late in history - at around 1200 BC instead of at 1500-1400 BC. Consequently no traces have been found either of Moses or of the Israelite Exodus. On this inadequate basis it is often claimed today, that the biblical Moses narrative is a nationalistic-romantic myth created by inventive priests approx. 2300 years ago in order to provide the Jews with a glorious pre-history.

However, especially Egyptian and Jewish sources relating to Moses provide a considerable number of evident, historical traces. To a wide extent these have been ignored, often due to a rigid insistence on the much too late dating - and on the myth hypothesis, as mentioned, which reduce this the most important personality behind the origin of biblical culture and of the Jewish self-understanding to be only a fictional figure. This is not acceptable, because the allegation of Moses being a myth proves to be an impossible historical construction, likewise it already would be a complete absurdity for Jews of the past.

It is an object of continued wondering why traditional, academic research does not to a wider degree use the latest 120 years’ (forward to the new millennium) of numerous, although wide-spread, archaeological and textual references to events of the times of Moses.

Already when the first volume was published, some indignant university people started to use less polite measures. One researcher became angry in particular because I quoted his attacks correctly and word by word. In the media some of his colleagues said: that they would “fight with these books for many years”. Many readers saw this as a compliment - i.e. that the books appeared with a certain class by “being able to have shaken the academic officials”. But some from these groups found it to be desirable to categorise the discoveries like in books of adventurers and dreamers, which made other academics outside the research lines in question, and even without having read the books, to use the same designations.

Yet our knowledge of the past is much more abundant and also more accessible than usually assumed. Ironically enough, so many data about what we call myths can be found at libraries and museums around the world collecting dust, almost without being known or studied.

A considerable amount of the exactly in reality existing and relevant, historic sources about Moses is included in the books. Most of them for the first time related to modern archaeology and astronomical dating. The extremely considerable material about Moses makes it pointless to claim that he should be a mythical figure - on the contrary, historical and biblical information about Moses as an exact figure is emphasised thoroughly and substantially.      

Exciting Findings Re-Considered 

An unrealised problem is the fact, that text research started before archaeology was scientifically established. Along the way from the many seminal text discoveries, and soon more firm conclusions from mid-1800 and up till present (around year 2000) research, hypotheses appeared about the possible and non-possible relations of these findings - in attempts to understand the history behind the Bible.

Thus, hypotheses were constructed especially about “Moses as a myth”. And in many cases, later, they had got established a huge, surrounding literary devise. Consequently, later generations are being confronted with a still up-generated system of comments’ comments. In this way new students are often uncritically given the impression that the hypotheses are to be considered the authoritative truth.

Therefore, in the actual analysis work, which is the foundation of the Moses book-series, it was necessary for me in many cases to go all the way back to sources of previous generations of researchers. I did so in order to get the best possible direct knowledge (even also from excavation reports, for instance) about the findings as well as the way the results of research had been obtained. So instead of only taking for granted the later further extension, it was often decisive to have the very starting point analysed in relation to later findings and discoveries.

The synthesis of material of the books - not seen previously to this extent in the Moses research - implied that this inter-disciplinary work would hardly have been produced without the help of many competent and interested researchers. Also other capable helpers deserve my sincere thanks.

Novels or Facts?

During times several researchers have had inquiries about novel writing, from their readers who would like to have a look into the exciting information, however, preferably via fiction as being the well functioning way of communicating. To some people source references are a pleasant confirmation of quality of information or an interesting extra information along the way - others, however, understandably, see this as too many traffic lights, hampering the reading velocity a little too often. Many scientists have used the novel version, when they wanted to launch or try out new ideas - all of which, for general reading, is a handy but also more responsibility-free communication.

A project like this about a new understanding of the special background of Moses has not previously been carried out - and might easily be understood as less usable in practise as well as in serious consideration, if the discoveries presented had been described in such a way, that they would be less accessible for control. Therefore - no novel, but some given subjects of the most important relevance - and also engaging by virtues of their own. By themselves they even contain further perspectives - which also concern new thinking which, in the not so long-term, will be necessary within the actual religions.

The Spiritual Dimension

In these books about the rediscovered background of Moses, the very history concept is in practise being extended to the effect, that a number of magical and spiritual conditions are mentioned equally with other historical events. The history of Moses and Egypt can not possibly be understood if these elements - when really belonging to history - are without being shown attention.

Also on this background, the books, therefore, brings to light for instance the mystery plays of ancient Egypt, ‘masonic’like rituals, magic, ritual healing, astrology, religious royal power. And for instance also inscriptions about the magic used by ancient kings and generals. In addition, oracles, divine conception, star knowledge mythology, and cosmology. Sublime impressions from a culture comprising penetrating spirit - thus having here found its expression in spiritual architecture and art, surpassing most of what is known from any known civilisation. When we meet it now, several thousand years later, it still affects us.

In the books, among some of the information - also with new angles to mysteries and ancient initiations cultures - several readers have recognised masonic and similar groups’ early-history circumstances. That is where these books have tried to pass on some fundamental, often forgotten features still bearing exact resemblance with historical events known from the world of Antiquity. Not least the Egyptian inspiration is supplementing and putting into perspective the subject and our understanding - and in this context the books are focussing on these spiritually founded conditions in the Egyptian past and from there bringing to light several, also general traces behind present culture and history.

A reviewer expressed his understanding of the books like this, “Moses was born to become a pharaoh in what was at that time the mighty Egypt, and was initiated in the ancient, esoteric wisdom - and concerning intelligence he was by far surpassing his contemporaries. Obviously, he was a highly advanced soul meant to lead human beings one step further into evolution”.

On the Internet it is now possible to read more about some of the many discoveries and about their inspiring reception via the presentation in the books. And also about the critic necessary to all new research - together with an occasional, peculiar resistance - to put it mildly. Essential to a colourful beginning. See for instance information about the books on their own homepage,


The Repressed Information

The Bible as well as the ancient Rabbinical Writings and several of the ancient, learned writers mention that Moses was known as the son of pharaoh’s daughter. My books about Moses got their unusual title, “The Assassination of Moses” on the background, that three times in history it was attempted to destroy Moses: - First, by the Egyptians, who rejected him as their heir to the throne and already in his time removed his names and other memories about him, in order to making him non-existent. - Later, by the clerical editors of the Bible, for instance Ezra in approx. 300 BC, who reduced the Egyptian background and status of Moses. - And finally, as mentioned, many contemporary, theological schools reject the existence of Moses and designates him as an imaginary, mythic figure. Consequently, some circles are considering the books strongly controversial, even heretic.

By means of a reconsidering of the identity and background of Moses, his fate and mystery, the books are bringing to light the replaced and repressed, historic existence of this personality of early history, who to us represents, or even by himself is constituting, the boundary between history and pre-history. By this context the first volume of the series - commencing publication in 1999 - was named “The Suppressed Record” (C.A. Reitzel Publishers and Booksellar, Copenhagen). Each of the five books of the series are independent volumes and can be read individually.

They present new information, and here also for instance with perspectives for research so far and now being on its way to transformation. And in the religious learning and comprehension for the present, cosmological insight will have to be included again. With his advanced initiation and education in Egypt many indications appear concerning Moses carried with him several religious ‘secrets’ on his and the Israelites’ Exodus from Egypt. Apparently, now is the time for many of the exciting questions to be solved and several riddles will be facing their solution.

Ove von Spaeth

Copyright © 2002
Writer, Historian, Independent Researcher -

Author of the book-series about the historical Moses, ”Assassinating Moses”
( C.A.Reitzel Publisher and Booksellar, Ltd.,  phone +45 3312 2400  - )

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Copyright © 2007 (& © 1978) by: Ove von Spaeth   -   -   All rights reserved.