Lost Stars and Lost Continents
no.9, Dec.2006, 51yr. pp.54-58 - & Aug.1983 (27yr. no.11, pp.460-465)
From ancient times, there exists worldwide a set of uniform
perceptions or symbolisms of certain constellations in the sky. Could
such tradition and symbolism originate from the legends about
civilizations of sunken
A number of indicators for this are in existence. When, for example, the Pleiades characteristic cluster everywhere in most ancient cultures are uniformly labeled or named as "the seven young women or daughters by whom one is lost" - this may give rise to new thinking and relevant review of scientific research in history and anthropology. But it has not yet happened - although it is not scientifically defensible to pre-exclude
so-called mythology and myths as information. In culture it is an inheritance of ideas containing traces of past perceptions, where knowledge can be searched which may prove truly valuable.
So why is it that over large parts of the world there are traditions with some similar ideas about certain stellar constellations? Again, is it inherited from past civilizations? Archetypes?
Many of the known examples of such repeated ideas about constellations seem to remain from seafarers around the world in all ages having navigated aided by the stars, and this would be a relevant background for that the wide spread of some of these ideas in common also could have appeared in this way. But - as we shall see - it's not necessarily the only way.
There is concrete evidence of the -
often controversial viewed - existence of an esoteric tradition of
Also the aforementioned stars of the Pleiades appear time and again. The name of the missing star, the seventh Pleiades, was Elektra, daughter of Atlas whose father was Oceanos or Poseidon, the god of the oceans. The name Elektra is assigned a Greek word for 'amber', electron, used for jewelry but also known that by friction it produces an 'energy charge' - later called electricity - and keeps it 'electrostatic'. Double symbolism - a jewel in the sky and a mysterious ability.
The fact that electricity takes part is emphasized by mythology’s story on Elektra's brother was killed by a lightning. Some of the Egyptian and Greek temples had got mounted long spears entirely of copper and with a lightning rod’s ability of attracting lightning - also to be perceived as the temples receiving the 'light energy from the cosmos’ in that way.
Since the starry sky was extensively cataloged in the 1600’s, the lost star's name Elektra showing up and being attached one of the brightest of the Pleiades stars. The normally stable stellar group of the Pleiades may therefore have changed (stars do change, e.g. as it is known with Sirius which in Antiquity was described as of red colour but being more bluish-white today).
Or it could have happened by loss of details of the old knowledge so that the name could be attached another star (for example, ancient constellation the Ass of the Sirius star group was mostly forgotten and on Renaissance star maps a unicorn instead was inserted here because of an also forgotten fact that the constellation Pegasus was the original Unicorn). In other words, no complete assurance can be given that Elektra on modern star maps is the original Elektra.
Concerning the star myth of Electra, the Roman writer Virgil (70 BC-19 AD) called her, the star, as Eoae Atlantides (eoae, ’morning’ - at sunset in October-November the Pleiades set in west). And Virgil's colleague, Ovid (43 BC-18 AD), called her directly by the name Atlantis - based on relationship to her father, Atlas, and plausibly also by the understanding all then had in common, namely that the continent of Atlantis had disappeared into the sea like its mythological related star Atlantis (Elektra) had disappeared in the sky!
recent times the classic all the seven stars appear again but only by name.
Plato’s many words about Atlantis
Likewise for Socrates' pupil Plato
(427-347 BC), who spent 13 years in
A fragment of this old Egyptian reference seems recognizable as this so-called myth appears to be reflected in the wall decorations of the temple in Edfu although not (yet) as seen in Egyptology. This temple was built according to the descriptions - by the new Ptolemaic dynasty usage - as a preserving copy of the older temples, their equipment, texts, and design.
Here in the Edfu temple this can be seen
in detail: an ancient report about an island-continent (mythological like
In any case, a genius can, of course,
make mistakes but the exposed attitude by modern scholars appears somewhat
narrow minded as they reject without argument, which definitely would not be
accepted if they from the same unscientific level had rejected their own
writers and philosophers in Antiquity were in favor of Plato’s reports
"Timaeus" and "Critias" - from approx. 400 BC - in which
Atlantis is mentioned. Others were skeptical. One of the texts’ four main
characters, Critias, claiming that the above Solon had in the city of
In the 300’s BC, philosopher Crantor
studied at Plato's student Xenocrates, and after his time he held a high
credibility by, for example, Plutarch and Cicero. Crantor traveled to
But even if there has not yet been found conclusive evidence (but not either rebuttal) on the supposed Atlantis' former existence, it would be unscientific to behave arrogantly "smarter" than the old writers, by simply rejecting Antiquity’s information on the subject.
For example the writer, philosopher,
and astronomer Eratosthenes, became in 240 BC the third leader of Alexandria's
famous library, which contained quantities of older texts collected by royal
decree from the ancient Egyptian temples libraries: a knowledge-based background
from where he also mentions Atlantis. - And the historian Ammianus Marcellinus
(ca. 350 AD) writes that: "...
been created to mimic a cosmic pattern in the starry world based on ideas
of a particular harmony - also being known from later ancient cultures?
Some features in common at both sides of the ocean
Even from 125 years earlier than Plato there is
existing evidence of the celebration of Panathenaea-festival, where the Greek
goddess Pallas Athena was praised in the past for having helped
How was Atlantis seen in relation to world of the stars? One of Plato works, "Critias", is not finalized, so we cannot know whether he would have mentioned Atlantis’ starry world here, as he also was well versed in the stars and wrote exciting details on cosmological matters.
Originally, a part of this knowledge seemed known in the rather closed
initiation cults - in
This feature seems to be the precession backwards displacement (a phenomenon independently proved by Hipparchus 200 years later) and not the Earth's own (fast) rotation, because Plato also describes the latter and its pole axis in the same chapter.
According to Plato there had been elephants in Atlantis, - and in Mexico there is excavated elephant bones and found elephant-like animals in ornaments of the later Mayan architecture.
Diodorus Sicilus who in the first century BC wrote 40 volumes of historical records and spent several years in Egypt, has reproduced the information that Atlantis’ people "... did not knew Ceres’ fruits ..." i.e. grain! It is a fact that American Indians did not know the grain before the Europeans' arrival.
Excavations of ancient Indian cities
in Central and
But nearly 2,400 years ago, Plato described Atlantis' cities as just surrounded by circular channels outside of each other. Would such a structure also be created to mimic a cosmic pattern in star world - the principle of special harmony with the earthly and later known in other ways in ancient cultures?
Plato informed very directly about some exact measuring and numbers of circular canals, a numerical relation also as a kind of code, in fact knowledge he passes on and not just ‘a myth’.
researcher Dr. Greg Little (www.coasttocoastam.com/shows/2005/07/26.html). Based on his underwater
mapping (bottom), the find is not believed to be a path, but is proposed as a
Atlantis - new traces?
is the most bright star of the Pleiades. Tradition says in its special form of
expression that Alcyone is the name on one of Atlas' daughters marrying a king
who disappeared out in the
The action was seen as an expression for that Atlantis was submerged, after which many people saved themselves by coming to other continents. That Atlantis sank in the sea depths is suggested by the information of the rescue because Alcyone is the Greek name for the bird which in English is named 'kingfisher' (the Pleiades is often referred to as birds).
This bird Alcyone is known to dive vertically deep down into the water for the prey it will bring up, and the queen appeared so to speak as a "kingfisher". In Danish it is 'icebird', a twisting of German Eisvogel, 'iron bird' - from the fact that the bird’s often steel blue colour has echoed in the clear blue nebula surrounding the Pleiades star Alcyone in the sky.
In early 1920's the Atlantis was
mentioned by Edgar Cayce, soon named "the Sleeping Prophet" by the
New York Times. About 1940 it was stated again from Edgar Cayce - in one of the
now over 13,000 predictions about many topics that had been presented by him -
that some part of Atlantis would appear again in the
In any case, prehistoric floods are
likely to be traced from continental drift. Two tectonic plates meet in the
middle of the ocean. According to legends and visions the last of Atlantis sank
at 11-12,000 BC, and the priests used "crystals" for
"communication with other worlds" and warned on the land sinking. In
Atlantis' colonies in other continents "Halls of Records" were
established, some later saved "under the Sphinx in
Although measurements with ground-penetrating radar in ca. 2005 confirm that there really is significant space under the Sphinx, such information is, of course, not even suitable as sources, but they can belong to the big picture. It is more concrete to for example explore the many regular stones found on the Atlantic floor. They were used in a road, and some scientists believe that they are prehistoric marine constructions with the several hundred meters long "pier" or something alike.
The stones in the Bimini sea are hexagonal - but such can be found in nature - and they measure up to 25 and 30 feet, and two feet in thickness. They are even placed in layers. The research evaluates them as non-natural. Some critics accept this but suggest that it is the residue of lost cement barrels. In any case, they are found to be in seven distinct categories and are "lined up" and therefore considered more convincingly as constructed by humans.
Central American Indian people, by the Spaniards called the Aztecs, called them¬selves
"Aztlan" because they according to their own tradition had escaped
from a continent beyond the
Greeks named the Pleiades’ "father" as Atlas (located at the Atlas mountains at the south of
As for the Atlantic - if a country-lowering and flooding of an island-continent took place out at its centre: there is here a huge north-to-south crack - Dolphin Ridge, confirmed by the space shuttle Challenger - and covered with volcanic deposits at the bottom where the crack divides the huge tectonic plates.
The Ice Age end and the floods
The Pleiades’ disappeared sister Electra was also called Atlantis, while the word electra also means 'electricity'. Could this be a code, an underlying message in this? Thus it is claimed that Atlantis was destroyed from within because of the "abuse of a special kind of energy source" as instrumental reason of doom that destabilized the island continent.
The hypotheses on "a broken
energy field on the seabed" have been associated with mystical conditions
More proofs from ancient writers
Marcellus - in his book "Aethiopica" - he speaks about seven islands (Canary islands?) in the outer sea, the Atlantic, where the inhabitants have kept the memory of a much larger island, the Atlantis "which for long maintained power over the smaller islands". Marcellus is known from the philosopher Proclus' comments on Plato.
Diodorus Siculus, Roman historian in the first century BC, wrote that the Phoenicians
dis-covered "a large island in the Atlantic Ocean beyond Hercules’ columns
at many days' sail¬ing from the coast of
The Gauls - also the French Gauls (Celtic) had a legends about Atlantis and compiled by the Greek-Roman historian, Timagenes, who lived in first century BC.
The Celts - the British Celts also had a legend that a portion of their country
once extended far out into the
Ancient accounts telling about floods are to be found in all cultures across the globe. There have been various Floods with large intervals, but some specific detail about the latest taking place ca. 11.600 years ago proves astonishingly similar in India, Chaldea, Babylon, Greece, Scandinavia, China, among Jews, and with Celtic tribes in Britain.
Plato's texts from ca. 400 BC about Timaeus (21e-25d) and on Critias’ dialogues in which Atlantis is described, have sometimes proved difficult to interpret in cases where it do not deal with exact information, thus there are different interpretations of the texts.
seems to emphasize that it was during one of the previous generations that the
information was retrieved concerning the name Critias is the same name as
Plato's grandfather. But the very fact that Plato informed that Atlantis'
destruction took place 9,000 years prior to Solon visited
The axis tilt’s forgotten influence
Now we know that at ca. 12,000 years ago ended the last Ice Age, the Pleistocene Ice Age. The global sea level was lifted 100-125 m and more, and the temperature exceeded 10 degrees - at that time.
This was demonstrated in particular the Authority, Bruce Heeze, oceanographer from the Lamont Geological Observatory. He discovered in the 1950’s the ‘Mid-Atlantic Ridge’. (It could have been involved in Atlantis' demise).
Furthermore, the water level was uplift result of melt water from glaciers of the Ice Age. They had covered the major parts of the continents of the Earth's temperate regions - and were several kilometers thick.
Bruce Heeze pointed out that the
sea-level rise was sufficient to drown out most low-lying coastal regions of
the planet, also, for example, the region that now constitutes the South China
Sea - and may now be found at an average depth of 60 meters below sea level.
The cause of climate change conditions that produced the ice ages and glacial melting, which could continue in a self-reinforcing way, has officially also been suggested such now demonstrably relevant factors as the impact from sunspots and cosmic radiation.
But one of the most powerful factors is often not mentioned at all: The extremely slow, continuous change in the earth's axis with a time cycle of approx. 26,400 years, also named as a "platonic year".
This will trigger a completely CO2-independent climate change, since parts of the Earth globe by the changing tilt of its axis will receive solar radiation in another number of hours - most noticeably in the northern and southern areas outside the equatorial regions.
An era with a solar radiation maximum
is due to a change of just few angular degrees of the Earth axis and therefore
also the ecliptic tilt, but this is sufficient to cause that, for example,
mid-Sweden gets a climate as France, as the associated average temperature
changes with nearly 10 Celsius degrees. Climate swings always, - Alexander the
International conference on Atlantis
Interest in the real Atlantis conception has increased and on the Greek
- An Atlantis is proposed again and again as the tiny Greek island of
Santorini (Thera) which volcanically exploded around 1545 BC, - or the tiny
island of Malta, thus both being situated in the Mediterranean. - Or a small
submarine Spatula island off the Spanish Atlantic coast. - Or a
- But when Plato writes about an island continent with large geographic target size that it is far out west of the pillars of Hercules (Gibraltar), and that it happened at a time which is now 11,600 years ago - how can these people without adding new facts continue to talk of tiny islands in an entirely different ocean and at a completely different time?
Also there has ignorantly been presented as "facts" to be used as "evidence" that Central America's Indian peoples had a deity Aes-se-rias or the like "... it was the same name as Osiris, the Egyptians called one of their high gods …". But in Egyptian the name of this god was nothing more but As, and only later the Greeks made this Egyptian god’s name to be expressed in Greek as Osiris. Unfortunately, more traditional scientists are being seen to reject everything, while supporters are making everything to be truth at any cost.
At the conference the star relationships that could be linked to Atlantis were not mentioned - nor was the tilting Earth axis influence on the increase of melt water volume.
An even earlier sunken continent than Atlantis, namely Lemuria or Mu in the Pacific - is
legends. Top photo shows the bottom of a step pyramid-like underwater formation
Star knowledge of a further, vanished culture
A similar continent as the fabled Atlantis, but even earlier sunk is mentioned in Indian legends to have had a high civilization and a long-term existence in the Pacific.
In India similar huge traditions are still being observed, i.e. from further back than 3,000 years BC, where no visible influence of Babylonian and Sumerian empires or language are found.
The Babylonian priest astronomer Berossos (Berossos of Chaldea), in the time of Alexander the Great in the 300’s BC settled on the Greek island of Kos, bringing with him a wealth of knowledge of Babylonian astronomy and astrology. In the traditions of Berossos is reported that the Babylonians star recordings and astrology were considered having roots back in several times tens of thousands of years.
Barrosos also explained that stellar science was by no means an invention of his and his Babylonian common predecessors, the Sumerian people, but that this knowledge had been transferred to them through contact with an alien race.
Based on all the diverse concrete information about contemporary defined constellations that always were actually known far back, we can highlight the fact that some of the oldest known astronomical and astrological knowledge also seem to have existed among India's original people.
Such can be seen not least in the
It seems that the Sumerians had accumulated star knowledge from both north and south, i.e. also from Mohenjo Daro. Was it the "alien race"? Do we have to follow the track back further and further away?
with the glyphs from the
Mysterious ancient writing on stellar topics
How did the world look many thousand years ago? Modern science has eventually know-ledge on many conditions. Including discovery of the peculiar feature that some hitherto isolated Amazon Indian tribes (many Indian tribe languages in both North and South America are not at all inter-related) in the Brazilian jungle speaks a language that is only found among some mountain tribes in the interior of the island of Taiwan/Formosa (as one of the five different languages were spoken here before the revolution) in the South China Sea, which was normal land surface but sunk 12,000 years ago. Where's the connection?
Could some of the common names for
particular constellations - widespread regardless of different languages in
parts of the Pacific, Asia and America - have originated from an ancient
Pacific culture, for example, the lost continent of Lemuria, also called Mu
which ancient Indian legends mentioned as sunk several times - like Atlantis -
30,000-50,000 years ago? See also other similarities, for instance Thor
Heyerdahl found identical ceramics at the
In a non-deciphered script of the
ancient Indus people there were discovered by philologist W. von Hevesy in 1934
at least 100 characters that were strikingly similar to characters of ancient
origin, found on
Indeed, not until about 1970 the
mysteries surrounding the Mohenjo Daro culture's glyphs have been partially solved
- and had thereby revealed also the culture's intense interest on the
astronomical-astrological topics. - See in particular Asko Parpola et al.:
"Further Progress in the
The research was conducted by the
above (Finnish) researchers around 1970, working at the
For instance, the Greek star name Medusa was in the Indus version Mahadahusa, 'big demon woman' - later, she/the star got the Arabic name Algol, and was often described as an "unfortunate star".
Later, lots of
preoccupation of the stars is also seen in the other, far end of the Pacific,
where the placements of the
For example, at one of the island's
inland areas, known as Aku Akivi, is found a group of seven of these statues,
staring out to sea to a point on the horizon where the sun sets at the time of
equinox, thus demonstrating that the islanders mastered astronomical precision.
Ove von Spaeth
Further information: www.moses-egypt.net
Bibliography - orientating
Heezen, Bruce C., & W.S. Broecker, & W.M.
Ewing: Evidence for an abrupt change in climate close to
Atlantis in the Light of Modern Research,
Kanon der Erdbestrahlungen und
seine Anwendung auf das Eiszeitenproblem,
Parpola, Asko, et al.:
Further Progress in the Indus
Script Decipherment, The Scandinavian Institute of
Kritias, Platons skrifter, bd.7,
& Timaios, & Staten, Platons skrifter bd.5-6, København
Williams, Mark R.: In Search Of Lemuria, (Golden Era Books) 2001.