The Knights Templar’s Knowledge
from Egypt - and Moses


copyright  © 2000  &  © 2004   - 

The legendary Knights Templar were a military, monastic order with their main centre at Bernard de Clairvaux in the east of France, and with Jerusalem as an important pole.

          For some centuries the Knights Templar had an amazing cultural and large-scale financial influence in Europe. It is believed that they had attained a special knowledge of biblical and ancient oriental traditions, from Egypt - and from Moses.

          However, they suddenly disappeared from history. Later, parts of the old tradition were observed still to be in existence inside other societies and brotherhoods.

Secret Knowledge and Mysteries of Antiquity

 Form the earliest times existed different kinds of secret knowledge and cultic mysteries - for instance initiation, cultic-religious mystery plays, and stellar science. All this was available in the ancient civilized societies, e.g. in Egypt. Even today certain forms can be seen in action among primitive people around the world. At ancient times also knowledge and science seem to have been handed down, thus giving their owners a special power. 

By confident tradition and mythic metaphors, secret knowledge was handed down through Antiquity into newer ages. In official religion-history contexts these cults and the often high-ranking members of their societies are mostly considered as exotic, collateral branches, although they had a decisive, genuine importance in history. 

When Moses and the Israelites left Egypt, in 1455 BC, Moses had the temples plundered, according to Manetho, the Greek-Egyptian historian (approx. 280 BC). The temple archives, abducted by Moses at that time, have contained knowledge and data of which the Europeans, several thousand years later, still wanted to get some insight. Later, this became a special incentive to exploring expeditions - so ardently occupying Knights Templar during the time of Crusades as well as today’s archaeologists.

 At an early age Moses was initiated in the knowledge of the ancient Egyptian mystery cults. Later, influenced by Greek culture, they were maintained during the times of Alexandria’s glory, approx. 330 BC till 330 AD Knowledge from several religions, e.g. the Gnostics, were used by many cults. Clemens of Alexandria, a Father of the Church (150-215 AD), became the leader of a Christian movement holding elements of mystery school.


Initiation procedures for achieving a higher knowledge of the ancient Egyptian mystery cults took place especially in the temples.

The Moses and the Ahron Mysteries in Antiquity

 Often the surrounding world considered the Jewish religion a kind of mystery religion, because the Jews had no images of their god and had a mythology science and mystery philosophy of their own. In Antiquity a number of so-called secret books for the initiated were believed to have been written by Moses, who was known for having deposited Egyptian secrets with the Jews.

 According to Juvenal, Roman author, approx 125 AD,  the Jewish traditions do not only comprise the Laws of Moses but also a volumen arcanum (‘secret book’) by Moses, stating that “…no person may be taken to the sources, if he is not following the rituals and has been circumcised…”.

 Philo (Philo Judaeus, 20 BC till 54 AD - partly contemporary to Emperor August and to Jesus), the Jewish-Egyptian philosopher in Alexandria, was a Pythagorean, a Platonist, a Stoic, and an ardent Poseidon disciple, as well as a keen devotee of the Logos idea. Here in Alexandria, Philo had his school of religion-philosophical life style including an initiation cult. The disciples of Philo’s school were the first to call a special group of mystery cult members as “the Therapeutae”; they lived mainly around Alexandria.

Philo talked about “the minor mysteries” as well as “the major mysteries” - and used consepts otherwise belonging to the Osiris Cult.  For “the minor mysteries”, called the Ahron Mysteries by Philo, he handed over an extended interpretation of rules, given by Moses, concerning the equipment of the high priests (“The heirs of Ahron”).

 He named “the major mysteries” the Moses Mysteries. Philo wrote about himself: “By Moses, God’s beloved, I have been initiated in the greatest mysteries…”.  Also such forms of initiation seriously made Moses to be a concept within the cults. Ancient writers often refer to Moses as psycho-pomp, ‘leader of souls’, i.e. mystery cult leader. In Greek mysteries the very highest or the 7th initiation step simply was named “the prophet”. A mystery interpretation of the narrative about the Israelites’ Exodus has been used in much of the cult knowledge - the chosen people guided by Moses, the “logos son” - an initiation corresponding to a process that Carl G. Jung would have called spiritual alchemy.

 Philo himself referred, among other things, to Moses as a hierophant, originally a Greek expression for “the person who presents the holy objects” - the title of the high priest of the Greek Eleusinian mysteries. The Hierophant was also teaching, for example sacrifice, and he initiated the neophytes, i.e. the new candidates. In the 4th Book of Ezra (14,4-6) - a non-canonical, biblical script from c. 100 BC - Moses is referred to as the person who is “the possessor of  mysteries”.


The special architectonical details of the temples had also an esoteric meaning.

Initiated Master Builders

 During the Israelites’ wandering in the wilderness, Moses had arranged the construction of a portable temple tent, the Tabernacle, called the Tent of Testimony or Covenant. And the very precise statements in “Exodus” (the 2nd Book of the Torah or Pentateuch), concerning design, and scale, construction, and materials of the Tabernacle, prove that the concept is faithfully styled like Egypt’s portable sanctuaries to be used in the desert.

 Because Moses had the Tabernacle/Tent of Testimony made, he could be seen in the later cultic understanding of his role as the “tent maker” or the “master builder”, who pitched the “tent of the sky”. He as well got a kind of “Hiram” aid by a master craftsman, Bazalel, mentioned in the Thorah/Pentateuch. According to the New Testament, Moses and Elijah appeared before St. Peter the Apostle in a vision making Peter wanting to make tents for them; mentioned as well is, that St. Paul the Apostle, who created the structure in the first theology and organisation of Christianity, was - of all occupations - a tent maker.

 A “tent” was, by itself, an ancient symbol of the “firmament”, e.g. several times in the Bible, like in Isaiah (40;22): “It is he ... that stretcheth out the heavens as … a tent to dwell in”. By the initiated kings the sky was among other things symbolised as a mini-tent, a canopy, often originally covered with stars of the sky and placed above the throne and the royal conjugal bed. This image as a heavenly tent recurs in the temple ceilings studded with stars - and later on the starry ceilings of early Christian basilicas, and, in later times, in special rooms of lodges of brothers of orders.

 According to the Bible, the temple builders King Solomon and his so-called master builder, Hiram, appear around 975 BC. Later they can be seen used as role models for mystery cultic “master builders”. The art of building was contributing as an allegory for spiritual growth. The cults were distinguishing the “temple of the sky” from the “temple of the body” - i.e. macro cosmos and micro cosmos; for instance a special meaning here could be found in the fact that Jesus drove out the merchants from the temple. From Egypt herself even the Greeks received a huge knowledge about dimensions and numeral relations for sacred buildings.

 Later, during the grand era of European architecture, the builders of the Gothic cathedrals re-developed several of the mystery-philosophical ideas of Antiquity, and had them inlayed in the geometrical structure by stone cutters. Thus the “mystic” experience of space also depended on the numerical relations of geometrical architectural forms and a fine balances between circle, triangle, and quadrant without partial use of one form only (in contemporary architecture for instance the quadrant is over-exposed) - as well as the columns of  a hall and their symbolic value in harmony with their placement. Initiated persons received directly information by the hall itself. The big, multi-coloured rose windows of the cathedrals were like veritable yantras (archetypical cosmogrammes).

 Partly depending on the geometrical dimensions, a moderate striking an Egyptian giant obelisk (a 30 metres long, slim one-piece block of granite) will cause resonance in its opposite end almost like that of a tuning fork. Augustine, the first leading theologian of the church, said, “… music and architecture are daughters of numbers …”. Construction of the Cathedral of Chartres created a very special acoustic: a fact attributed to the way its interior measures are related to each other like the notes of the scale. When Goethe became keenly absorbed with ancient Egypt, he referred to its architecture as “frozen music”.

 Bernard de Clairvaux  (1090-1153), the French theologian, abbot, and church reformer, guardian angle of the Knights Templar, defined God as “height, length, and depth”. He manifested visions about light and about building stones, soaring, all into a spiritual style: A renewed church architecture in the form of cathedrals - with the “life dynamic” idiom of Gothic arcs, huge windows for the importance of light, and the special light from the play of reflections in coloured glass.



Architecture and the Sky

 Visually and physically the sky is a ceiling or a cover to the Earth, in addition to which - according to the understanding of the mystery doctrines - its spherical/numerical/sonic structure was simultaneously considered a cosmic cover of the secrets within the mystery theory of cognition. This two-sided way of comprehension of “cover” can be seen expressed by: Tent of the sky, canopy of stars, temple ceiling, etc. (Also cf. the Nordic-German word “himmel” originating from a word associated with ‘veiled’, ‘a cover’, himmel having the same origin as the word hemmelig, ‘secret’).

 When as a “tent maker” or “master builder” Moses had the Tabernacle made, was this “tent of the sky” supported by a number of long rods, each measuring approx. 20 feet and covered with 10 carpets - according to the biblical text. On top of these he had 12 curtains (i.e. 11 plus the entrance curtain) mounted. According to Jewish and Christian mystery teaching these circumstances are  understood as the 10 sefirot numbers enclosed in the number of 12, which was the division of the sky (according to the Jewish Cabbala sefirot means ‘aspects of the divine manifests’). Similar understandings can also be recognized later in the Manichaean religion, where it is referred to as the ”the 10 heavens with the 12 gates (the Zodiac)”.

Also according to the cult teaching, the celestial secrets were surrounded by a number of covers or veils in connection with the (sky-)tent, expressed among other things as “the 10 carpets or curtains”, a name that also Plutarch, the Greek writer, used. Clemens of Alexandria, a Father of the Church, wrote about the teaching of the initiated among other things - yet “neutrally” and often indirectly - in his series of books, which he titled “First carpet” (in Greek: stromata), “Second carpet”, “Third carpet”, etc.

 Contents of the stellar mystical parables could only be realized, when the distribution of the placements of the 72 (the number at that time) constellations on the firmament was comprehended in the correct, interdependent connection, expressed by special celestial-geometrical conditions. It originates from very ancient traditions. In Babylon clay tablets with inscriptions of rules of the Pythagorean triangle have been found in Babylonia - belonging to a time long before Pythagoras. Even as educational material it has been found, teaching about the hypotenuse of the right-angled triangle, dating back to 1,700 years prior to the geometry of Euclid.



The temple area of Jerusalem. Left: The older version.
 Right: The Mosque in the middle and the stables (by the Knights Templar cross).

Monuments for Cosmos

 Understanding of “the writing in the sky” was a significant element in culture during the development of the art of numbers, mathematics, and geometry - a knowledge all of which, as in the case of astronomy, were administered by the temple priests. For instance by the ancient Babylonians, who had taken over an even more ancient Sumerian heritage of knowledge. During the dominant engagement at that time concerning knowledge of the stars, where “everything could be read in the sky”, the Babylonians named the means of this “reading a message” from the stars sheter same, i.e. ‘the writing in the sky’. In this perspective writing and stars could often be seen apprehended as synonyms - which included a third factor: the numbers.

 When the celestial spheres could be defined by writing, letters, and numbers, being further integrated in cosmic, esoteric teaching, it becomes intelligible that both Isaiah (34;4), the Prophet of Babylon, and later the Revelation of St. John the Divine in Israel (6;14) state that “...the skies turn and  bend like a scroll...”. Cf. in contemporary Greek temple architecture that Dorian columns on their top carry a writing tablet, abax/abakos, and Ionic columns have a scroll on top - both “like the World-axis supporting the sky” and its numbers/writing. The cultic, architectural conditions are outlined in Ove von Spaeth’s book “Den Hemmelige Religion” (The Secret Religion ) (C.A. Reitzel Publishers and Booksellers, Copenhagen 2004).

 In this entirety even the temple buildings themselves were considered cultic monuments of the cosmic order. Measures and objects of the interior and the exterior of the temple or the sanctuary had these special meanings in the eyes of the initiated (like in connection already with the Tabernacle). All referring to occult knowledge of the initiated, as well as this experience  of mystery-of-space was expected to have a promoting effect to the psychical conditions.



Knights Templar and a Cistercian monk.


 The Knights Templar in Jerusalem

 Shortly after the beginning of the crusades and the conquest of Jerusalem (1099), a group of Knights Templar settled in some ancient buildings, named “King Solomon´s Stables”, exactly on the Temple Square of Jerusalem. A widely ramified system of tunnels, dating far back in Antiquity, is situated right beneath the square. Here, close to their dwellings for more than 9 years (1118 - 1127) at the very Temple Square, they have apparently worked on a special project apart from the services they rendered the new regime. If they had found something, maybe it then in secrecy was brought to France, perhaps to the Pyrenees?

 The subsequent course has been indicative of the possibility that they had been searching for parts of a special knowledge? Further ideas about this might have originated in a tradition that elements of the “Egyptian Legacy of Moses” during troubled periods of Antiquity had been protected in a rather inaccessible hiding place in Jerusalem, deposited deep down under this central, sacred site. It may be considered a mystery only; certain conditions, however, seem to support it.

 In any case it is a stated fact, according to Guillaume de Tyre (1160), a contemporary historian, that immediately upon their homecoming in 1127, these knights reported to Bernard de Clairvaux in the south east of France. Knights Templar in the Middle East and Europe were rapidly increasing in numbers. At both destinations they built vast numbers of extremely strong fortresses.

Bernard himself was the abbot of the Cistercians (stemming from the city/the palace named Cîteaux, French dialect for ‘thistle-wort’), the recently founded convent order in 1098. Instrumented by Bernard de Clairvaux, this theologian and church reformer, his order of monks also very quickly founded 300 convents all over Europe, and, soon after, even far more than a thousand - and in 1140 he was involved in introducing a shocking, new creative architecture: the Gothic cathedrals.


Cathedral Architecture - a new relation of ancient measurement relations.

Cathedrals and the Magic of Numbers

 Almost simultaneously - and at a pace as incredible as that of building the convents - these particularly ingenious buildings were built in a vast number. From the most southern Sicily to the north of Norway the first hundred cathedrals within the first hundred years. In fact, it was spiritually based architecture being a very renewing impulse.

 Since Antiquity, certain building traditions had been preserved in Western Europe influenced especially by the spiritual ideas in which the great master builders were initiated. In this field Palladio, the Renaissance architect, is particularly well known. In 1556 he was even a co-founder of the Olympic Academy in Vicenza. And Palladio honoured his role model, the great architect of Roman Antiquity, i.e. Vitruvius of the Augustean era. With his background as an initiated, Vitruvius had used the ideas of the cults about the “geometric structures and numerical harmonies of the Universe”. For posterity he wrote 10 books about the rules of construction of Greek temples “comprising hidden laws” about the esoteric significance of the proportions.

 Palladio was familiar with this knowledge. Just by some measurings of the many rooms he created, it will show an excess of numerical relations with - among other numbers - 10 and 16, and everything based on whole numbers without fractions, in order to obtain special harmonies. His work with rooms was an endeavour to create “for the eye what music is for the ear”, almost like the way numbers are connected to the harmony system of music.

 Palladio’s work, like already Vitruvius’, was based on the original ideas of Antiquity, and in particular original ideas from Egypt, concerning the numerical relations of the proportions of the human body, e.g. in relation to the balance and numbers of a space. In the 20th century the works of Le Corbusier, the modernistic, creative architect, still show certain similar ideas about important numbers and relations, for instance the special fibonacci rows of numbers - previously seen often in connection with pentagonal geometry - even behind his works with the most abstract forms (in a positive interplay and named “conflicting logic”).

 That Moses and the Israelites at that time have had their secret base in the hidden valley by the later ancient town of Petra, is supported by the fact that among the oldest discoveries in the rocks of the valley is a carved sacrificial altar and other items with particular relations of measurements, among others based on the significant relations 2-3-4 (according to Ove von Spaeth´s “The Vanished Successor”, 2001, p. 104). Measured during the research (1970-1990) of Petra by Iain Browning, the British archaeologist, several items appear to be exactly in accordance with the instructions of the Book of Exodus (25;23). Here it is claimed, for instance, that “... two cubits shall be the length thereof (the altar-table), and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof …”. Hereby, this is equal to the arrangement according to the same instructions later in the Temple of Solomon.

 Parts of a special knowledge are included in a straight line of traditions all the way from ancient Egypt and can among other sites be followed right via Petra and the Temple of Solomon until as late as post-medieval Padua for instance. Here lived extremely wealthy Scrovegni, an estate speculator so notorious for his methods that Dante at that time included him in his text about Hell. In 1303 Enrico, Scrovegni’s son and heir, wanted to make amends for his father and built the so-called Arena Chapel on the remains of an antic, Roman arena. Later the magnificent room became world famous because of the fresco decorations by revolutionary Giotto. But the great religious inspiration of the concept was, however, that the entire building has also been made in exact accordance with all measurements of the Temple of Solomon.

 The knowledge still in existence in medieval Western Europe about the universal relations of numbers in geometry and music were considered spiritual knowledge. An understanding remained to the effect that in Antiquity a greater knowledge about this had existed, but later only to be accessible with difficulty.


Col. Warren retrieves one of the shafts beneath the Jerusalem temple area, 1867. Right: Solomon’s stables beneath the Temple Mount.

Jerusalem’s Enigmatic Tunnel System

 If there had been important parts of such secret knowledge which Moses could have brought out of Egypt, for instance archives - also some which being secured by initiated priests later in history and deposited in hiding-places in the tunnel system down below the Temple of Jerusalem - a search may be a realistic project. In recent times, more tunnels have been retrieved, among others in 1867 by Colonel Warren, i.e. the Warren Shaft connected to the King Hezekiah’s Shaft found in 1880. In the latter was found Hezekiah’s inscription, from approx. 730 BC, about his works on the tunnel (more that half a kilometre long). The latest tunnels were discovered in 1909-1911 by the international Parker Expedition. In his book, “Jerusalem sous terre” (London 1911), rev. H. Vincent, a Dominican priest attached to the expedition en route, reported on its results in writing and photographed pictures.

 When in 587 BC Jerusalem was conquered and the temple destroyed, the Ark of the Covenant disappeared - and so did the archives of the Moses tradition. In his work, “Adversus Christianos”, 270 AD, Porphyry, the Roman philosopher and scholar, claims that Moses’ original (Torah) writings were among the destroyed archives. Other particularly important items have been hidden, however, since the detailed records of the Bible about the spoils of war carried off by the Babylonians have no indication whatsoever about Moses’ other belongings, i.e. the items - in particular not about for example the Ark of the Covenant - as biblical writings have stated early in minute details as being kept in the temple. Were they at the time carried out of the country or down into the tunnels?

 And it is noted from recent times - in 1911, just prior to the ban, issued by the past Turkish authorities of Jerusalem, on the Parker Expedition - that inside the tunnel it was ascertained that access to some adjacent and so far unknown tunnels had been closed and disguised in earlier times. Juvelius, a participant, had made note sketches about a possible rear, radioactive trap. In the report the place of the closing is called “artificial rock” (originally, concrete was known to Antiquity, cf. later that e.g. the Colosseum and the Pantheon were built of concrete; the material was ‘re-invented’ in the 1860thies).

 For the purpose of being able to work without interference, the Parker Expedition had bought and fenced a piece of land surrounding the Warren Shaft. Gradually the local inhabitants were mystified and roused trouble, leading to termination of the work and occupation of the area. Later, World War I broke out, and the British, new masters of Palestine, left it at that for the sake of peace.

 Various indications and implications of possible disguised circumstances in the hidden tunnels are also included in the conditions further mentioned, and no known find bears exact evidence of an explicit connection to Moses. However, the original closing and camouflaging of the hidden tunnels has hardly been made without a purpose, which the Knights Templar already may have traced.

St. Bernard de Clairvaux, ideologist, abbot.

Bernard de Clairvaux

 Bernard de Clairvaux appeared as the grey eminence pulling strings. He was a friend of Pope Urban II, who started the first crusade. Here, in Jerusalem in 1099, the knight Godfrey de Bouillon (Boulogne) - pre-elected - was crowned a king. He as well as the two succeeding kings of Jerusalem belonged to Bernard de Clairvaux’s family. The crusade was a military expedition for the purpose of wresting the Holy Land and Jerusalem from the Muslims. Was that but an external appearance?  Did they have - as already hinted - an agenda with different purpose?

 In 1127 Bernard de Clairvaux arranged the Pope’s acknowledgement of the Order of the Knight Templars, granting them extensive rights and exceptional independence, as well as tax exemptions - and the Pope renounced from ever using his only way of manifestating power, excommunication. Also the appointments of the two succeeding popes were strongly influenced by Bernard de Clairvaux.

The Order of the Knights Templar was founded in 1118 (according to other sources, possibly in 1114) in Jerusalem by even another relative of Bernard de Clairvaux. When Knights Templar returned from Jerusalem, they were to report to Bernand, their true superior, and not to the pope. Again - was it a special power of knowledge they brought home? Is it possible that e.g. rabbis, who possessed secret Jewish tradition of knowledge passed on from father to son, in some way had entrusted Bernard’s staff with secret details about the hiding-place?

 Shortly after their return, the first buildings of the cathedrals were started based on an advanced principle of construction. Soon, building of twenty cathedrals was in process - simultaneously. Amazing as it may be, a complete knowledge and huge treasures were ready for this. The  Cistercians - and the Knights Templar - brought knowledge and techniques from Bernard and his staff to the new devotional buildings of Europe; cf. Louis Carpentier’s “Les mystèris de la cathêdrale de Chartres” (Paris 1966, pp. 46-48).

 The building of the architectonically and strongly neworientated Gothic cathedrals was implemented by the building of the Cathedral of  St. Denis in 1140 by Abbot Suger, a close friend of Bernard - according to Otto von Simson’s “The Gothic Cathedral; Origins of Gothic Architecture and Medieval Concept of the Order (New York 1956). The enlargement of the said church was changed into a major rebuilding in exactly this revolutionizing style - based on the geometrical relations of numbers containing so many significations. From such a concept of radical relations of numbers it has been possible to catch a glimpse of some few of the so-called secrets, cf. among others Erling Haagensen’s ( & Henry Lincoln’s “The Templars’ Secret Island” (Moreton-in-March, 2000).

The interior of the Warren Shaft -  is connected to the tunnel of King Hezekiah.

Hidden Knowledge?

 The Knights Templar have left documented traces of a knowledge, for instance about creation of a purely geometrically constructed angle of one degree (with an accuracy of one millionth), normally regarded as an impossible task. Also considered beyond reach, they further managed to construct geometrically (without the help of mathematics) the value so far closest to pi - from geometry based on the pentagon on the Golden Section. All this of course no knowledge superior enough to justify a journey to Jerusalem. However, in those days it has in reality been regarded as exterior traces of a stronger evidence of elements of a profound and congenial understanding - also scientifically - of the perception of the Universe, its constituents, space, energy, and dynamic structures.

 The Knights Templar had a special purpose in seeking out several holy sites - among others the tomb of the patriarchs in Mamrelund, where the knights have left inscriptions deep inside the cave - but also further south in Egypt, where they were beat off by Saladin’s army. Still, a few groups seem to have reached Ethiopia, where heraldics of crusaders can be seen in some ancient churches. However, the Knights Templar’s visiting plans are not known today. Let it be repeated, that although in the further development nothing is known so far about any exact connection or finds from the heritage of Moses, the thought of this would not be completely unrealistic on the basis of the historic background.

The part of history about what may and may not have been found in hiding-places of ancient Jerusalem has its own progresses, discussions, and reflections. Here one point of view may be, that once something was in existence, which was possibly great only in the consciousness of posterity mainly by virtue of the fact, that it does no longer exist. Yet, being the secrets of the Knights Templar, it would be preposterous to reject it as a suspicious Hollywood plot. That is because a bit of the background for the special motives are known as to why in 1314 later kings and popes destroyed this order of knights and have wanted to leave out that part of history. The rulers in question wanted the power attached to owing the mystic belongings of the Knights Templar.

 From Bernard de Clairvaux’s centre in the south east of France where, earlier, the Gnostics and the Kathars and their knowledge had been wiped out by the church, the Knights Templar had spread all over Europe. The knights were familiar with the knowledge. And they were the wealthiest order in Europe with their own business houses, building societies, armies, navies, and harbours - and fantastical castles. Their treasures have never been found; here the interference of the new popes was in vain. But did knights and popes, in all secrecy, really hunt for knowledge-archives and mysterious objects, possibly originating from underground hidings in the mountain beneath the Temple Square of Jerusalem?

 In Europe three phases of the undercurrent is to be seen concerning the mentioned special knowledge:  1) a partly disappeared knowledge of Antiquity with added persevering ideas about a far greater knowledge of Antiquity. And  2) the knowledge believed to have been brought home by the Knights Templar. As well as  3) a most strong impulse and extension of acknowledgement and new start via the knowledge of wisdom and spirit in the “Corpus Hermeticum” - the famous text of Antiquity having its roots in ancient Egypt.  At the beginning of the Renaissance the text was rescued and published (various translations in English exist). 

Siloam - the tunnel opening portal - in recent times more conspicuous (picture from 19th century)


Rosicrucian Society

 As appeared, the Knights Templar are believed to have obtained a special knowledge handed down from biblical and ancient oriental tradition, including Egypt. When suddenly they disappeared from history, several parts of the ancient knowledge could be seen preserved by other societies and brotherhoods, to which several escaped Knights Templar were admitted. A few issues should be mentioned: Devotees of the knowledge of Hermes Trismegistos’ texts from the Antiquity, the “Corpus Hermeticum”, were called the Hermeticans. When from astrology Tycho Brahe deduced omens about Europe and wrote about these in his book, “De nova stella” (1573), he also placed the Bible in an non-ecclesiastical and greater connection in the hermetical way.

Many more were inspired by the ideas in the “Corpus Hermeticum”. Thus, the Rosicrucian Society and the Freemasons had its special impressions, together with the still so mysterious Egyptian wisdom, incorporated in their systems.

 “Fama” was a famous, contemporary book about the philosophical knowledge of the Rosicrucian Society. It informs also about Christian Rosenkreuz, the founder of the society, that he studied in the Orient: alchemy and “the secrets of the Universe” as well as Hermes Trismegistos’ metaphysical texts, actually the “Corpus Hermeticus”. And in Morocco he studied with oriental Jews, who among other things had kept secret traditions like the Cabbala in a pure form.

 The “Fama” was printed in 1614 in the German town of Casel, the residence of Prince Mouritz of Hesse; he knew Tycho Brahe, who had visited his father here, the previous prince, with whom he had an extensive co-operation and correspondence about astronomy and alchemy. Also Michael Maier, a well-known German doctor, published a number of texts on alchemy knowledge, when he was employed by the court of the Prince of Hesse.

 Many charlatans have tried their hands on practicing some of the secrete teachings, in particular the alchemy, but also many enigmatic cases, which not have been seen explained as illusion and fraud: the so-called forever-young Count of Saint Germain. And even Voltaire wrote about him, “…a person who will not die, and who knows everything…”. When he died after all - accidentally in 1784 by poison during a study - it still took place in this house of Princes, now ruled by Carl of Hesse.

 In England, Francis Bacon was inspired by parts of the knowledge of the Rosicrucian Society. And Robert Fludd, an Oxford-educated doctor - who became a philosophical heir to John Dee, the court astrologer of Queen Elizabeth I - published in 1616 a defence of the Rosicrucians (whom, being a Hermetican himself, he could support). In this he emphazised: that they were the true Christians and the spiritual descendants of Hermes Trismegistos.


Initiation of George Washington as a freemason.


 The Freemasons

 Egyptian “symbolism” was introduced with the freemasons. In the 18th century such issues were seen elaborated in certain rituals. Parts of a similar concept is shown in “The Magic Flute”, the opera composed in 1791 by Mozart, who himself was a freemason. Also Goethe - who in addition was known for his comprehensive attitude (or holism) and his studies of nature - was a lodge master of freemasons, occupied with esoteric and cosmological topics. He was so inspired by his interest in ancient Egypt that in 1795 he wrote the sequel of “The Magic Flute”.

 Along with the interest in Egypt, the use of a certain hieroglyph showing an eye (the Eye of Horus), became popular - and which, also generally, in Western Europe was used for symbolising God or his justice. Another hieroglyph, used in connection with royal rituals of northern Egypt, imaging a bee was - somewhat over-interpreted - used by Napoleon as his royal heraldry or ruler symbolism.

 Like in Antiquity, the rulers of society of those times were often mandatory members of the brotherhoods of mysterious cults. So were many leaders (who, by the way, in particular belonged to the academic men of that time) of the new nations of North and South America in the 18th century. For instance George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Benjamin Franklin, and many more of the earliest governments of USA were freemasons. They might not exactly have read the “Corpus Hermeticus”, but the spirit of it had left its mark, especially ideas about freedom of the individual.

 These fathers of the USA wrote the Constitution of their new country, which on several points is hardly distinguishable from the fundamental constitution of the freemasons: In particular on the individual’s rights concerning freedom of thought and speech, as well as responsibility for own actions, all based on Christian basic views. Emigration to especially America was established to escape the old world’s religiously and legally oppressive manifestations of power over the individual, and to achieve religious freedom and lack of adscription.

 Later, French freemasons involved all freemasons of Europe in an intensive subscription, aiming at giving the Statue of Liberty to the Americans. Furthermore, American national heraldry and bank notes still show freemason symbolism.



“American icon” on 1-dollar bills: the Great Pyramid with “God’s Eye” as its peak.

Egyptian Inspiration

 The freemasons’ fascination of Egyptian symbolism is the reason for the image of the huge Pyramid of Cheop without its peak on the national coat of arms of USA: The pyramid is now on each one-dollar bill of this world. Moreover, the freemasons later, in 1885, paid all expenses connected to the transportation and erection in New York of one of Egypt’s religious monuments, i.e. one of the very largest obelisks. And the very governmental representatives initiated it using a freemason ceremony.

 Since far back in Antiquity, the symbolism of mythology of stellar science had been known, and an offshoot of this can be seen in many flags with stars of new countries, the flag of USA being the first, being inspired by the concept of ideas of the freemasons among the fathers of the new USA. Up till then no national flags had shown stars. Now this became a fashion, later, however, totally without “cultic” connection. Even as late as around 1900 a star was added to the crescent in the Turkish flag; and after World War II most flags of the new Islamic states copied the (crescent and) star of the Turkish flag.

 Still - up till the 19th century - from the various descriptions of the Egyptian rites of the freemasons till the Hebrew Cabbala and the Rosicrucians (cf. Frances Yates, “The Rosicrucian Enlightenment”, London 1972) and their alchemy - hardly a book can be found on these subjects that does not mention King Solomon and, as initiated architect, the building master Hiram. Many times, however, the lines of tradition also are followed backwards to Moses and his special knowledge from Egypt.

                          King Hezekiah’s inscription about the tunnelling deep below Jerusalem, approx. 730 BC (Museum of Istanbul).

 Still, the Tunnels Have Their Secrets

 From 1996 and several years ahead the Palestinians excavated the Temple Mount right beneath “King Solomon’s Stables” in order to create an underground mosque with a huge room for 10,000 persons. Thousands of tons of excavating material, in which invaluable archaeological material, such as potsherds dating back from the time of the Solomon Temple, were crushed by bulldozers and engraving machines and carried away by hundreds of lorry loads and scraped - first in the Valley of Kedron, later at a concealed site. A number of fine archaeological finds have been sorted out secretly in the process and illegally sold abroad, i.e. the evidence about the significant temple, the existence of which is thus ignored - these traces of Jewish pre-presence in the country are being deleted.

 Unavoidable - the excavations will have destroyed some of the tunnels. It has been the complaint, that with no participation of a single archaeologist or a professional counsellor or restorer - the excavation developed so violently, that also huge bulges appeared in the very delicate temple wall facing the City of King David, and 40 square metres of a side wing has crumbled (Allan Soerensen, Danish Journalist, reported on these incidents in August-September 2003, in the newspaper Kristeligt Dagblad). The menacing cracks in the wall are 0.5 metre in width and run the 20 metres up to the big14 hectare platform, which forms the top of the Temple Mount.

 In a TIME Magazine article (September 20, 2004, p. 4) Isam Awward, the Palestinian architect and head of building, claims that “because he was afraid that Israel was planning to drill tunnels into the vacant underground rooms, he took the initiative to change large underground chambers and the big 4,000 square metre hall including King Solomon’s Stables. At this site where also the Knights Templar’s once stabled their horses (the hall appears in Dan Brown’s worldwide bestseller, “The Da Vinci Code” as the site where the Knights Templar conceived their plots). When in 2000 Awward had completed most of it, the new unrecognisable “King Solomon’s Stables” were renamed the Marwani Mosque.

 Despite severe protests from Palestinian families, Arafat, originally an Egyptian emigrant, who became the Palestinian president, tried to secure for himself an exclusive burial site on the Temple Mount. At the same time orthodox rabbis deny - in opposition to other rabbis - that it is legal for Jews who are not priests (their function seized 1900 years ago) to set foot on the Temple Mount, as long as it has not definitely been established where the Holy of Holies of the Temple - the strictly forbidden area - had been situated.

 A radiometric dating of the special Siloam Tunnel beneath Jerusalem, which was scientifically analysed - among others by geologists - establishes, that the tunnel dates back exactly from the time during the 8th century BC, which is in accordance with the statements of the Bible (“Nature”, vol. 425, September 11, 2003, pp. 169-171). Besides being a spiritually and culturally perspective of today, it is of great real historic value when exact parts of our history can be scientifically proved in connection with the many capable and wise persons of the past.

 Furthermore, special parts of the mentioned old knowledge can be seen in a traditional form within the cultic and spiritual currents on fronts as different as within the special rabbi traditions as well as e.g. within the mentioned Christian brotherhoods. Based on the philosophy of one of these groups, i.e. the freemasons among the fathers of USA, was the establishment of the national Constitution, now so famous for being consious on liberty. Later this Constitution would in particular influence the creation of the Human Rights Convention of the modern world.

That Moses is participating still, although being one of the most ancient personal figures of the Bible, is a characteristic feature of this part of history. This includes several unsolved mysteries as to whether certain components of the Egyptian heritage, which Moses and his trusted men confiscated in the temples of Egypt and brought along during the Israelites’ Exodus, could still be traced. 

The very execution of this task is considered realistic - even to the degree that Professor Nabil Hilmi, head of the Faculty of Law at the Zagazig University of Cairo, was seriously considering instituting international proceedings about compensation regarding the gold (possibly resembling the Jewish claim for damages, after World War II) - according to the Al Ahram newspaper (August 22, 2003, and September 13, 2003). By most lucky chance several items of the “heritage” not abducted by the Knights Templar could have been physically hidden in Israel (and Jordan) - and probably also in branches of the tunnels not disclosed so far.

 This is just a fraction of a larger, but hidden tunnel system beneath the Temple of Jerusalem and the Temple Square. In 1911 the Parker Expedition was strictly prohibited by the authorities to carry on  the exploration of the tunnels recently rediscovered. Since then nobody has ever been allowed to get in and do research on the hidden parts of this underground network.

That Moses is participating still, although being one of the most ancient personal figures of the Bible, is a characteristic feature of this part of history. This includes several unsolved mysteries as to whether certain components of the Egyptian heritage, which Moses and his trusted men confiscated in the temples of Egypt and brought along during the Israelites’ Exodus, could still be traced.

 The very execution of this task is considered realistic - even to the degree that Professor Nabil Hilmi, head of the Faculty of Law at the Zagazig University of Cairo, was seriously considering instituting international proceedings about compensation regarding the gold (possibly resembling the Jewish claim for damages, after World War II) - according to the Al Ahram newspaper (August 22, 2003, and September 13, 2003). By most lucky chance several items of the “heritage” not abducted by the Knights Templar could have been physically hidden in Israel (and Jordan) - and probably also in branches of the tunnels not disclosed so far. 

Ove von Spaeth
Copyright © 2000 & © 2004

Author, hi
storian, independent researcher -


This text includes a number of extracts from “Den Hemmelige Religion” (The Secret Religion)
 - by Ove von Spaeth - which is volume No 4 in his series “Assassinating Moses”
( C.A. Reitzel, Publishers and Book Shop, phone (+45) 33 12 24 00 & )


Copyright ゥ  1984 & Copyright ゥ 2007 by:  Ove von Spaeth  -   -  All rights reserved.